Manataka American Indian Council




Manataka American Indian Council         Volume VI  Issue 11  November 2004


Contents:                                        Amazon Forest Threatened

Web Site Updates                                       Thought of Leonard Peltier?

Up Coming Events                                     A Cup of Coffee...  

Women Drummers!??                               Message from Harvey Arden

Letters to the Editor                                   Protection of Ceremonies

Grandmothers Unite!!                                Native American Code of Ethics

Place Where Men Become Gods            Healing Prayer Basket   

American Indian Heritage Month            Manataka Messages












Cherokee Books   Feature Books Medicine/Herbal Lore
Children's Books Genealogy New Arrivals
Craft Books Indian Language Sets Spiritual
WALELU! Qua Ti Si ! Tony Palmer & Breeds
Blue Dog Calvin Standing Bear Loneman Richard Tail
Oyate Music - Artist Lineup Native Flutes Specials of the Month
Home Decor Red Hawk Crafts Video Store
Pottery Flags - Many Tribes Buckskin & Buffalos
Herbal Teas Teepees Indian Clothing -  Regalia
Gifts Galore and More!  Tamarack Song Woodland Warriors - Art







 Bear Dance

 4:00 p.m., Saturday, November 20, 2004

Russellville, Arkansas

Free Admission - No Vendors



10:00 a.m.    Sweat Lodge (visitors and guests) 

11:00            Ceremonial Sweat Lodge (Bears, Wingmen, Drummers)

  1:00 p.m.    Potluck Meal

  3:00            Gourd Dance 

  4:00            Ceremonial Bear Dance

  7:00            Fire Circle and Storytelling




From I-40:  Take Hwy 7 South to Hwy 124 East.  Turn LEFT and go 3.5 miles (approx.) to Crow Mountain Road (Just after Calvary Temple Church). Turn RIGHT and go over one mile to a 'Y' at Cagle Rock Road just past the Citgo Station and turn LEFT on to Buie Lane.  Go to 86 Buie Lane.   479-890-5739 or 479-285-4683.




9:00 a.m. to 4 p.m.






With famous author and mythologist 





Legends of a mysterious Place of Peace, of a hidden place where great ancient wisdom from an advanced culture is stored, have permeated our history for centuries.  It has long been believed this extraordinary Place of Peace is in Arkansas. The Taino Indians directed DeSoto to Arkansas to find it. Thomas Jefferson sent Dunbar and Hunter into the Ouachita region in search of it.

William Henry presents impressive evidence from ancient Tibetan sources, Egyptian and Sumerian and even biblical references that the Place of Peace exists and gives his theory that it has remained hidden through the history of America. Before a cataclysm, the gods of the ancient world deposited sacred knowledge in a repository of pure quartz crystal. Where was this place? By whom was it established? And does it still exist today? This talk is astounding in its collection of documented facts concerning the Place of Peace. William has some exceptional findings for the truth seeker – believer or skeptic.


Luncheon with William Henry In the Razorback Room

Book signing planned after the seminar

The Maya prophecies of 2012 tell of a time when a portal will open and Itzamna, the ‘Lord of the Milky Way’, will offer itz, ‘the precious, blessed magical rain of the heaven’ to humanity. Ix Chel, the Rainbow Woman, is Itzamna’s companion. She presided over Man-a-ta-ka. In the second half of his presentation William Henry will discuss the extraordinary references to this couple and their ‘the blessed substance’. What is itz? Is it the same as the mana, the dew of heaven, symbolized by the dove? What effect will itz have on us? We'll explore the facts behind this and other great mysteries of 2012.             

William Henry is the author of ten books and worldwide lecturer.  He is an investigative mythologist who lives in Nashville, TN.  His primary expertise and mission is finding and interpreting ancient stories which feature advanced technology for raising of spiritual vibration and increasing spiritual vision.



Travel Lodge, 1204 Central Ave. Hot Springs

Corner of Central (Hwy 7) and Grand Ave. (Hwy 70/270)

Registration: 8:00 a.m. - Free coffee / refreshments all day
9:00 a.m. - Program begins.

Advance Reservations:

Seminar registration is not necessarily tax deductible. 

$25. pp     YES, SIGN ME UP NOW

At Door: $35. pp
Mail Payment: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902

No cancellations accepted after 12/06/04. Meal not included.

Television cameras likely on-site.  Pictures and video permitted. 

No tape recorders allowed.



                              PHONE:  501-627-0555



Ki':ken I sta Ohkwa'ri
This is Mother Bear.   I attend a powwow yesterday and was pleased to see many old friends and made many new ones.  There were two drums present but they all sat together on one so as to have a full drum.  There were many pauses in the drum music to give time to the drummers to rest, eat and socialize.  I decided that today being Sunday with nothing going on in the morning till noon that I would bring my drum to share and play before the powwow.  I have my own drum, and tradition, as I am Mohawk, Cree, and my dad was Cherokee.  We arrived at 9:35 and nothing was going on.  No music, no Sunday service, nothing.  The drum was set up, smudging took place and we were offering tobacco when someone turned on the PA system and began to play a tape very loud. (I will not comment on this)  After prayers were completed, the drumming proceeded and we  started with a song to call the Ancestors.  This song comes from the heart and I sing with my eyes closed.  The second song would have been Amazing grace in Cherokee but...someone stated that it was decided there would be no women allowed to drum.  I explained that this was my drum, my tradition, that our women are allowed to drum and that the flyer said drums were welcome.  This person stated that it had been decided; and that  he was the designated person that would have to ask me to leave if....  I continued heart told me to leave so I did.  The following is the tradition that I follow as stated by Grandfather who is teaching me.
Respectfully Drum Traditions - Wabanaki

As drummers, we are responsible to have an understanding of what the drum represents. The Drum Keeper and the Lead Drummer/Singer of each drum are responsible for ensuring, that all of the drummers in their group have a knowledge of the respect which should be present at and around the drum.

There seems to be a misconception about the difference between a traditional drum and a "Powwow" drum. Some drummers rationalize that because they are a "Powwow" drum they can use drugs and alcohol, disregard the teachings of respect of the drum and what it represents to all Native People, and still be around the drum taking part in the drumming and singing.

While it is understood that the drum should not be utilized as a tool to separate our people, it is taught by Spiritual Elders throughout our native lands, known as "Turtle Island", that, the drum is very important medicine to our people and should be shown as much respect as any other medicines, including the Sacred Pipe.

Substance abuse and misuse was not a traditional practice amongst our ancestors, although there have been arguments stating there were occasions where members of certain tribes did misuse some of the medicines. However, these occasions were not considered or regarded in any way to be respectful. Although no person can pollute the medicines which the Creator has given us to utilize as tools for various types of healing, it is the respect that we try to preserve and to teach to our children.

So, in honor of the Creator and all of our ancestors who died trying to preserve our traditions and culture, we will allow only those drums which are free of substance abuse/misuse to participate in the capacity of a drum group during the Wabanaki Confederacy Conference.

We understand that we cannot know for sure who is drug/alcohol free and who is not. We will leave that responsibility to the Drum Keepers and Lead Drummers/Singers. You know the people who sit on the drum with your group. We are relying on the honor of each drum group. If information regarding substance use/abuse/misuse on the part of any drummer is brought to the attention of the Planning Committee, that drum will not be called on for the duration of the conference unless the individuals involved are absent from the drum circle

Another matter of concern, is that of women on the drum. According to research regarding Wabanaki People, women traditionally drummed and sang as much as the men did. Traditionally, the hand drums and water drums were used as well as hollow logs and shakers. Not too long ago the larger drums were introduced to, and later adopted by, many of our Wabanaki tribes. This did not stop our women from their traditional roles in drumming and singing.

Although women are not allowed to sit and drum on the larger drums (according to many tribes to the west of the Wabanaki People from which we had adopted these drums from), we did not and have no legitimate reason to retract the right of our women to drum on these drums. So, to honor the Creator, our Mother Earth, and the Spirit of our ancestors, it will be an honor to have any of the Women's drum groups attend and participate as such.

If anyone suspects alcohol or drugs being used by anyone on the Drum, they should lay an Eagle Feather or any other Sacred Feather on the Drum. That STOPS the Drum until the situation is resolved.  From A Honored Grandfather

Submitted by Bobby Joe Runnin Bear, Tennessee MAIC Member

Grandmothers Unite!
By Rachel Lehmann-Haupt, AlterNet 

In original tribal cultures, the Grandmothers' Council was honored as the final authority on most tribal matters, including the waging of war. Now, wise voices converge to strengthen their message. 

On October 11, 13 grandmothers from around all the world – the Arctic Circle, North, South, and Central America, Africa, and Asia, arrived at Tibet House's Menla Mountain retreat in Phoenicia, New York for the first Global Grandmothers' Council. They came to discuss the fate of the earth, and how to revive the traditions, rituals and medicines that can save it. Their teachings represent the universal morality against which we measure our actions, and it provided an example of bringing together the most ancient and modern way in which women can organize, both personally and politically, to preserve their cultures and take care of the future.

For three days these grandmothers, who are trained shamans and medicine women, came together in a private meeting, to talk about ways to share their most secret and sacred ways with people who have been their oppressors. They included Tsering Dolma Gyalthong, a Tibetan refuge and founding member of The Tibetan Women's Association, which has more than 30 branches worldwide; Flordemayo, a Mayan elder and traditional healer; Ruth Walker, an Australian Gumbangier elder, and Juliette Casimiro, a Mazatec elder who carries the tradition of healing with sacred plants.

They spoke of their relations and their ways of healing. They participated in each other's prayers, rituals and ceremonies. Through meeting with lawyers who specialize in the areas of American law that pertains to indigenous people and non-profit organizations, they worked on coming together to find a unified voice, and to find a way to make a more permanent alliance among themselves. To bring power and volume to their individual voice, they concluded that they would become a permanent alliance called the International Alliance of the Thirteen Indigenous Grandmothers.

During a prayer offering to the group , Rita Pitka Bleumenstein, a Yuptik grandmother who teaches about Native American culture world wide, broke down into tears. She talked about a vision she had when she was nine years old that if she doesn't pass her traditions down to young people and teach them to save the earth, "We're going to suffer." she said.
"I don't cry very often," she continued. "I didn't cry when my husband passed away and I didn't cry when my mother passed away, but when something like this council happens I cry. I think we were put on this earth to do it because the grandmothers told us that when you start something you don't stop. You carry it on. You finish it."

After the three-day summit, the Global Women's Gathering continued over the next four days. An audience of three hundred people joined the original 13. In that unified voice, the grandmothers opened up for the first time to an assembly of western women elders – political activists such as Ambassador Carole Mosley Braun, Gloria Steinem and Alice Walker – to begin a discussion about how to work to save their families, their communities, and their lives on this planet.

The Roots of the Movement
Bernadette Rebienot, a Bwiti elder and grandmother of 23 had a vision for a Grandmothers' Council. She said that the women of Gabon regularly gather together in the forest to share their visions and to pray for world peace and the well being of their people. "In Gabon, when the grandmothers speak, the president listens," she said.

When Jyoti, an American spiritual teacher who holds a PhD in clinical psychology, came to Gabon to study with Rebienot, the two women found that they shared a vision of the Grandmothers' Council, and they decided to work together to manifest it in the west. 
Jyoti mobilized her organization, the Center for Sacred Studies, to sponsor a council for indigenous grandmothers. She hooked up with Lynn Schauwecker, a former fashion model and fundraising expert, Anne Rosenkranz, who is also a spiritual counselor and a program director at the Center for Sacred Studies, and Carole Hart, an award winning television and film writer and producer, best known for "Free to Be You and Me." They organized both the 3-day Grandmother's Council and the Global Women's Gathering.

Restoring Our Voice
The Global Women's Gathering began with an opening talk from Wilma Mankiller, a former principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. She was the first female in history to lead a major American tribe – the second largest in the United States, with an enrolled population of over 140,000, an annual budget of more than $75 million, and more than 1,200 employees spread over 7,000 square miles. It was there that the grandmothers introduced themselves by making an announcement about their alliance.

The beginning and the end of each day was marked by a prayer from one of the grandmothers. They spoke of their prophecies, they spoke about how this was the time to make a choice about how to live and stay alive on the planet. In smaller break-out sessions, the Grandmothers and western women collaborated in facilitating discussions of plans for renewable resources, preservations of cultures and species, cooperative ventures to prevent global warming and eliminate nuclear weapons, new medicine models that integrate traditional and western medicine. In original tribal cultures, the Grandmothers' Council was honored as the final authority on most tribal matters, including the waging of war.

"The women of this conference believe that through this gathering, we are restoring that voice," said Carole Hart. "Their way of holding life in all its manifestations can show us how to sustain ourselves, our children, and our planet through our tumultuous times. Their values are truly the global test against which we can measure all our actions, personal and political, so that we can be sure they will create justice, peace, and abundance around the world. In a time where most political dialogue is harsh and vituperative, the new, wise voice of the indigenous grandmothers will elevate our political discourse."

In a speech on the final morning of the gathering, Carole Mosley Braun remarked that "Dr. Martin Luther King has said that the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends towards justice. Because you are here you will make it more likely that the moral arc of the universe will bend towards justice and that this world at war with itself, will have to meet the resistance and the fight you have engaged to save it from itself. You are the embodiment of a great new spirit and the wisdom of the ages."

At the end of the conference, the grandmothers created of a statement of intent of their new global alliance. "We come together to nurture, educate and train our children. We come together to uphold the practice of our ceremonies and to affirm the right to use our plant medicines free of legal restrictions. We come together to protect the lands where our peoples live and upon which our cultures depend, to safeguard the collective heritage of traditional medicines, and to defend the Earth herself. We believe that the teachings of our ancestors will light our way through an uncertain future." 

Submitted by Elaine Nowell - Mississippi

The Place Where Men Became Gods
By Susan Bates, Hill & Holler Column

According to an article in the Chicago Tribune, the Wal-Mart owned superstore, Bodega Aurrera, opened it's doors last week in Teotihuacan, Mexico despite months of protests by people who feared this monument to capitalism would destroy the spirituality of the sacred site.

The mega structure was built within a buffer zone where other businesses have sprouted in recent years. Although officials had declared that there were no ruins in the vicinity, construction was briefly stopped when an ancient altar was found under the parking lot.

Standing virtually in the shadow of the 2000 year old Pyramid of the Sun, the new super store will bring low prices and more jobs to an area where the nearest supermarket is 30 miles away.

It is not known for certain who built the holy city, but when the Aztecs found it, they called it Teotihuacan - The Place Where Men Become Gods. Thousands of people journey to there every year on the first day of Spring to experience the energy. Mexicans make pilgrimages to the sacred site to bury their children's umbilical cords at the foot of the pyramid - an offering to the gods.

Although Wal-Mart is Mexico's largest employer with 655 stores and restaurants, many people see the new super store as a symbol of globalization and American greed. There are fears that local shops won't be able to compete with Wal Mart's prices and spiritual and traditional values will be endangered.

Five hundred years ago, Spain used Christianity to conquer Mexico and try to wipe away all indigenous beliefs. Many people see American style capitalism as the next destructive wave.

"Today it's not the church, it's Wal-Mart. It's not the Catholic god, it's money," said Jorge Alan Medina, a protester outside the pyramids.

Emmanuel D'Herrera, local teacher and former diplomat, was quoted in the Tribune as saying "When I pass by the pyramids, I always ask myself what they are trying to tell me, and what these Teotihuacanos wanted to tell us, these people who made possible their dream of eternity by building these things".  

Wal-Mart has said the store represents an investment in the community that will improve the quality of life. More than 2,000 locals applied for 186 jobs at the store.

"They should take a long-term view," Raul Arguello, vice-president of corporate affairs for Wal-Mart Mexico, said of opponents. "If they really care about Teotihuacan they should respect the majority and not create more division."

Wal-Mart - where men become Gods.

Submitted by Susan Bates


On a recent campaign trip through Wisconsin, former President Bill Clinton and John Kerry visited the City of Green Bay and met with the elders of the Oneida Nation.  Kerry said he had a plan to improve the income of every Native American, by $40,000 a year.  Details of the plan were not presented, despite frequent requests to do so.  

Bill Clinton spoke and informed the elders that during his last four years in office, he voted in favor of every Native American issue introduced.

Both men were honored by the elders with new Indian names.  Bill Clinton was dubbed Walking Eagle and John Kerry was given Sitting Frog. 

After the former President left, one of the elders was asked by a reporter what the significance of the names Walking Eagle and Sitting Frog.

His response..."Bird so full of shit it can not fly. Frog so full crap it can not jump."

National American Indian Heritage Month, 2004
By the President of the United States of America
A Proclamation....

As the first people to call our country home, American Indians and Alaska Natives have a noble history in this land and have long shaped our Nation. During National American Indian Heritage Month, we celebrate our commitment to respect and preserve the rich Native American traditions and cultures.

The enduring experiences of tribal communities are a cherished part of our national story. In September, I was proud to meet with tribal leaders and celebrate the opening of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. This new facility stands as a powerful symbol of the pride and vitality of our Native Peoples. The museum showcases masterworks of great cultural, historical, and spiritual significance. Through exhibits documenting past and present achievements and hopes for the future, it will intro-duce generations of visitors to the strong and living traditions of Native Americans. As a center for scholarship and learning, the National Museum of the American Indian will also advance understanding of the diversity that makes our Nation great.

My Administration is committed to helping Native Americans as they build on their proud legacy. With the funding of my 2005 budget, we will have provided the Bureau of Indian Affairs with more than $1.1 billion for school construction and repairs during the past 4 years. To improve education for American Indian and Alaska Native children, I signed an executive order establishing an Interagency Working Group to help students meet the standards set by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 in a manner that is consistent with tribal traditions, languages, and cultures. By setting standards for academic achievement and cultural learning, Americans in all communities can help their children realize a brighter future. I also signed an executive memorandum to all Federal agencies affirming the Federal Government's continuing commitment to recognize tribal sovereignty and self-determination. As they have in the past, tribal governments will maintain jurisdiction over their lands, systems of self-governance, and government-to-government relationships with the United States.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2004 as National American Indian Heritage Month. I encourage all Americans to commemorate this month with appropriate programs and activities and to learn more about the rich heritage of American Indians and Alaska Natives.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourth day of November, in the year of our Lord two thousand four, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and twenty-ninth.


Submitted by Frank Rains, Washington D.C. MAIC Member

Morning Prayer
Great Spirit, Mountain Ancestors, All My Relations,
Blessings be here today as I come before you Honored One.
You have seen many sunrises and sunsets upon your branches,
Your sacred roots have been quenched by life giving rains.
 I give thanks to you,
...for the singing birds that you shelter
...for the music you sing in the breeze
...for listening to the voices of the creatures
...for echoing the ancestors strength
Respected One, I ask your permission and
humbly request your presence
for my guided purpose as Great Spirit directs.
All things belong to you, Creator, all things are sacred.
So this day I honor you  and humbly Thank You.
Mitakuye Oyasin
--by Hanoochi

Submitted by Helen Red Wing, Tennessee MAIC Member


The Brazilian congress is now voting on a project that will reduce the Amazon forest to 50% of its size. The Amazon rainforest is responsible for the generation of 20% of the oxygen that we on this earth breathe, 30% of the world's freshwater is contained within the Amazon basin, 60% of the cancer fighting drugs used today are derived from plants that can only be found within the Amazon Rainforest. The area to be deforested is 4 times the size of Portugal
and would be mainly used for agriculture and pastures for livestock. All the wood is to be sold to international markets in the form of wood chips, by large multinational companies. The truth is that the soil in the Amazon forest is useless without the forest itself. Its quality is very acidic and the region is prone to constant floods. At this time more than 160,000 square kilometers deforested with the same purpose are abandoned and in the process of becoming deserts, meaning that this proposal is in the short-term interests of a few, and in the long term interests of none.

Submitted by Lynn Smith, MAIC Member Australia

Have You Thought of Leonard Peltier Lately?
A Book Review by Daniel Marvin

The day of their first meeting, author Harvey Arden writes on page 70, "Leonard reached out to me with his own two hands and gently gripped my shoulders; his eyes caught and captured mine.  "Harvey," he said softly, his eyes locked intensely on mine, "You need to know this personally.  I did NOT kill those agents... It's important you believe that if we're to work together."

Harvey is convinced that this book "was and continues to be lived." Together with the website, they communicate an ongoing struggle for one man's freedom and for the self-respect of us all.  It personifies the continuing plight and circumstance of the American Indian by way of a potpourri of recollections, writings and pertinent miscellany by and about Leonard Peltier, a man of integrity and courageous purpose who continues to suffer a degrading and
humiliating existence brought on by a judicial system that appears hell-bent to keep this man imprisoned for a crime he did not commit.

This book will help those who truly desire to understand the plight of all American Indians, to learn the breadth and depth of negative societal influence on their day to day life and to comprehend what it is that they may expect with regard to future socio-economic existence.   You will discover that their very lives, lands and livelihood are continually monitored and their changing conditions
predicated on the whims of those in power in this nation who, for the most part, wantonly disregard past treaties, sovereignty and constitutional safeguards so as to limit their individual or collective influence and deny them basic human rights. 

Awesome to this reviewer is the manner in which Leonard Peltier stoically and steadfastly accepts the reality of his structured and indeed menial existence in a federal penitentiary while doing all
that he can, within the physical constraints imposed by those empowered to control and discipline him, to further the cause of his people, whom he knows and loves, and who yearn for his freedom.  He may be rightly classified a political prisoner, one who has been consistently denied parole though the FBI itself admits not having evidence in hand to prove his guilt of the crimes for which he is

The pressure being applied by government apparatus using sophisticated NASA satellites and multinational energy corporations in an unwelcome venture meant to take tribal lands for resource
development is detailed. He tells how little regard exists for ancient American Indian attempts to retain and protect those same lands.  Leonard writes it "like it is" on page 44 (a quote from his book Prison Writings: My Life is my Sun Dance)  "I have no doubt whatsoever that the real motivation behind both Wounded Knee II and the Oglala firefight, and much of the turmoil throughout Indian
Country since the early 1970s, was-and is-the mining companies' desire to muffle the AIM [American Indian Movement] and all traditional Indian people who sought-and still seek-to protect the
land, water and air from the thefts and depredations."  To go against the tide of government injustice, however, is to be branded a criminal.

It will be evident, after reading Chapter 2, "Entering a Shadowed World," that Harvey was quite proper in what he said on page 103, "It seemed to me that the "corporate media' had built a wall of silence around Leonard's book as they had around Leonard himself and virtually all Indian people and their struggles."  Hence, this publication is by loyal supporters of Leonard Peltier.

When you are caught up by the powerful ebb and tide of often tortured words, permit, even encourage your mind to flow through and take on their meaning.  Many varied writings and musings were brought together in this historical work.  You will come to know the complex legal nature of the whys and wherefores associated with the keeping of Peltier as a political prisoner by power brokers as attorney Barry A. Bachrach acquaints you with what he calls a "continuing manifestation of the injustice which this country continues to heap  upon Leonard" and he details what he understands to be "the epitome of injustice." Not one to give up, but one who is loyal to the core and convinced of the integrity of Leonard, he has filed a major law suit in Washington, DC, for Leonard.  Peltier claims that United States Department of Justice officials knowingly violated the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 and illegally extended his prison term for over a decade. Bachrach tells us the suit was brought about on behalf of Leonard Peltier, now serving consecutive life sentences for the alleged killing of two FBI agents on June 26, 1975.  After that trial, undisputed evidence of government misconduct was uncovered. He goes on to point out that "The plaintiff should have been given his release dates by October 11, 1989, minus sufficient time to exhaust appeals.  Had the Parole Commission followed the congressional mandate, Peltier would have been released over 12 years ago.  Lacking in any statutory authority, the U.S. Parole Commission in fact illegally extended the terms of imprisonment of both men."

Leonard Peltier continues to be punished by the system though those who have judged him wrongly are fully aware of the incredulous fact that our own FBI has informed the parole board that sits in judgment that no evidence exists to point to Leonard as the cold-blooded killer of those two agents.  NONE!

I believe that Leonard himself said it best: "My name is Leonard Peltier, but I draw breath as the living mbodiment of a greater cause than just one man's freedom.  Every nation must include, as a part of its very fiber and rationalization, a constant demand and vigilance for justice.  More than anything I desire this and I pray for peace and justice.  One cannot truly exist without the other."

By Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Marvin, US Army Special Forces (Retired) Author of Expendable Elite - One Soldier's Journey Into Covert Warfare
From Quill & Parchment October 2004 issue

Order copies NOW for yourself & your friends at:


A professor stood before his philosophy class and had some items in front of him. When the class began, wordlessly, he picked up a very large and empty mayonnaise jar and proceeded to fill
it with golf balls. He then asked the students if the jar was full.

They agreed that it was. The professor then picked up a box of pebbles and poured them into the jar. He shook the jar lightly.  The pebbles rolled into the open areas between the golf balls. He then asked the students again if the jar was full. They agreed it was. The professor next picked up a box of sand and poured it into the jar. Of course, the sand filled up everything else. He asked once more if the jar was full. The students responded with an unanimous "yes."

The professor then produced two cups of coffee from under the table and poured the entire contents into the jar, effectively filling the empty space between the sand. The students laughed.

"Now," said the professor, as the laughter subsided, " I want you to recognize that this jar represents
your life. The golf balls are the important things- your God, family, your children, your health, your friends, and your favorite passions- things that if everything else was lost and only they remained, your life would still be full.

The pebbles are the other things that matter like your job, your house, and your car. The sand is everything else-the small stuff.  If you put the sand into the jar first," he continued, "there is no room for the pebbles or the golf balls. 

The same goes for life. If you spend all your time and energy on the small stuff, you will never have room for the things that are important to you.

Pay attention to the things that are critical to your happiness. Take time to get medical checkups. Take your partner out to dinner. Play another 18.  There will always be time to clean the house and fix the disposal." Take care of the golf balls first, the things that really matter. Set your priorities. The
rest is just sand."

One of the students raised her hand and inquired what the coffee represented.  The professor smiled.
"I'm glad you asked. It just goes to show you that no matter how full your life may seem, there's always room for a couple of cups of coffee with a friend.

Submitted by William Fields

A Message from Harvey Arden

My co-author Steve Wall and I have just begun a months-long journey across America to create a new WISDOMKEEPERS-style book on the state of our Nation's soul after 9/11/01 and 11/2/04.

The lavishly illustrated Book, featuring a magnificent gallery of world-class photos by Steve Wall with a full double-narrative by Steve and myself (as in our 1998 book TRAVELS IN A STONE CANOE), will be published by us in fall 2005.

By writing directly for our readers, we can bypass the corporate chokehold on American publishing.  Please help us by preordering the book, & receive periodic direct email reports from us on our continuing journey into the American soul. In effect, YOU will be joining US on our travels.

We're hoping enough folks can PRE-ORDER the book to help finance our journey and the printing costs--just as we've so successfully just done on my latest book ~HAVE YOU THOUGHT of LEONARD PELTIER LATELY?~  Cost of the new book will be $35 per copy plus $5 s/h ($2 s/h for each add'l copy.

To PRE-ORDER the book, contact me at

We will shortly have more info on this on our website, where folks can pay online--and where they can also order ~HAVE YOU THOUGHT of LEONARD PELTIER LATELY?~ & our other books. 

Can you help us get the word out by letting folks on your list know about this--and asking each of them to Fwd this info to their lists? 

Steve Wall is also offering NOW some really wonderful matted prints of his award-winning B/W photographs that he's donated to the new book project. Contact Steve directly at for info on ordering the photos ($75 each, including s/h, immediate delivery).

Both book & a matted Steve Wall photo can be ordered for a flat $100. Please join us on this new spirit-journey.  Again, to PRE-ORDER the book contact 


The ‘Protection’ of Ceremonies

By Jim Pathfinder Ewing 


These thoughts are offered only as a personal belief, and carry no weight except for a personal view. I speak for no one but myself; one human being who has walked this Earth 52 years.

On March 8th and 9th, 2003, Spiritual Leaders and Bundle Keepers of the Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Nation, Cheyenne Nation and Arapahoe Nation were called together to discuss the protection from the abuse and exploitation of their ceremonies. The meeting was held at the Cultural Center in Eagle Butte, South Dakota, hosted by the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe.

A statement was issued that essentially said that the peoples and tribes represented wanted others to cease practicing any Native ceremonies they claimed as their own, including vision quest and sweat lodge, that ceremonial objects, such as the eagle feather, be carried only by Native peoples designated by them, insinuated that all sacred pipes (canupa) be "returned," that only enrolled tribal members of Native descent be allowed to perform or attend ceremonies, that all ceremonies be conducted in the Sioux language and only by people speaking the language, and entertained having the federal government intervene to ensure that only these tribes, their leaders and their designees be entitled to practice traditional sacred ceremonies as they defined them.

This caused quite a stir in Indian country, and among non-Indians who are associated with various practices and belong to various organizations that follow ancient ways. Some very prominent Native American spiritual leaders took issue and spoke eloquently against excluding non-Indians from sacred, traditional ceremonies. They cited ancestors and honored former leaders who had adopted the practice and encouraged it, so as to ensure the survival of Native spiritual beliefs and practices. This was particularly necessary since the federal government had banned all Native religious spiritual practices since the 1870s and had only allowed their practice with the Native American Religious Freedom Act of 1977.

The matter seemed to have been dropped.

For a full treatment of this, and various responses and news stories, see:

Issue Has Revived

That would have been the end of it, for me, but I am credibly told that the move for "protection" of ceremonies has not ceased, and has only gone "underground" to effect it via the force of federal law with a few individuals seeking to control who should practice what and how.

Previously, I had refrained from publicly commenting. If the Protection debate is about Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc., among Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc., it is between them. I'm not of the Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc. Also:

-- Although I practice some similar activities, the pipe does not belong to the Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc., only their expression and lineage of it (Buffalo Calf Woman); nor does the medicine wheel, nor the vision quest, nor even the sweat lodge, though the Inipi ceremony itself as outlined by the Buffalo Calf Woman (Sioux) is clearly prescribed.

-- The sacred site of Pipestone (Minn.), where the soapstone is found that is used to fashion the Plains and some Southeastern pipes, was used by many tribes, and was accessible to all throughout history though controlled by one tribe. Archeologists have found pipes throughout the Southeast thousands of years old made of various substances including soapstone from there.

-- The medicine wheel is multi-cultural, including ancient Buddhist (eight directions) and Celtic (witness the cairns across Great Britain, Stonehenge among them); the sweat was a sacred ceremony even among Northern Europeans (seen in the sauna of today from Nordic peoples, though the ceremonies attached have been largely lost).

So to claim ownership of these things is on its face false and provably false.

But now, if this path is still being pursued by certain individuals, we must ensure that practices that do not belong to them are not coopted by them, taken from us, or other people.

For example, my pipe is not Lakota, nor was it granted or conferred by a Lakota so I felt no obligation to "return it" as was insinuated by the Protection of Ceremonies proclamation. My personal pipe was made by a Cherokee; the ceremonial pipe by a Metis.

In the Cherokee (Ani-Yvwiya, Principle People), the sacred pipe was given by Uktena, "The Keen-Eyed," a great serpent, not the Buffalo Calf Woman. Am I to tell this terrible Spirit, so powerful that to simply gaze upon it means instant death, that I should not use this sacred gift because the Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc., told me I could not?

The Bear Lodge (Inipi among the Sioux) is the birthright of the Tachi Yokuts Tribe, as they are descended from the Bear. Would they deny what Spirit has breathed into their bodies and carry in their blood because certain Plains tribes’ leaders tell them it belongs to them? Or that the clan should not have a Medicine Society because the Plains tribes do not sanction the Bear Dance?

I’ve danced with my Bear totem since I was born; am I to stop seeing Spirit, or communicating with my guardian, protector and guide because certain men say that my prayers are not my own, my visions don’t belong to me, or the guidance Spirit offers is not valid because I do not carry Lakota, Dakota, etc., blood in my veins or speak their language?

The Medicine Wheel we honor here is patterned after the Mayan and includes influences from many cultures, primarily Native American – but also Siberian, South American and African influences. Our ceremonies are open to all peoples, all tribes, all colors. How can I stop practicing or believing in something that is Spirit led and expressed in so many cultures? Why would I turn anyone away from Spirit, or from practicing their own beliefs, in harmony with all, bringing their unique lights to the Medicine Wheel? Are we not all the five-fingered tribe? All colors, all peoples – red, black, white, yellow – reflected in the Sacred Hoop of Life? Is it not the Creator’s way, reflected in the world The Great Mystery created to be as one?

I gathered the grandfathers for the Medicine Wheel here, and each volunteered for it. Did the Earthly Mother demand I return them? No. Did the Grandfathers demand it? No. Surely, these Plains tribal leaders would not command what the Earthly Mother herself does not withhold, or have the federal government tell me who can or cannot pray with me. Or that the land I walk cannot have sacred ceremony performed upon it, in respect for all beings – including those who would prevent it.

Can they prevent me from practicing Us'ste'lisk (Cherokee: vision quest), from fasting, or seeking a vision, to find wisdom, guidance, clarity and wholeness? I think not.

Even if the government broke down my door at these people’s insistence and took my drum away, they could not prevent the drumbeat of my heart, or the prayers that attend to it. For that, they would have to kill me. And, even then, my spirit would live on.

Spirit cannot die, or be controlled or contained or "owned." Those who attempt to try it make mockery of the human spirit. It is not a source of anger to view such things, only sadness and, ultimately, laughter. Spirit is like water; it seeps through many cracks; it endures even after the human vessel is gone. One may as well tell the rain not to fall or the rivers not to run. This moment, we may succeed; but overall, humans are pitiful beings, circumscribed by time.

The Path Of Spirit

Generally, people of good mind, even with sharp disagreements, can come to consensus if given the chance. But if the government becomes involved, all will surely suffer, and that should be plainly seen given the history of the federal government’s involvement in Native affairs.

It would be better to resolve this matter in Spirit, through seeking peace and understanding, than through law, or conflict resolved through force of law.

The move toward "protection" of ceremonies is fueled by fear, and control. People generally react in fear when they believe they are about to lose something of value; the natural inclination is to try to control the situation to prevent what is perceived as being lost. But we are taught in Spirit that nothing belongs to us; all is owned by the Creator. When we react out of fear, the response is usually divisive – anger, jealousy, mistrust. It stems from a belief that all is finite, and thus limited or scarce; whereas the nature of Spirit is abundance, infinite, ever flowing.

If we act out of scarcity and mistrust, we "buy into" giving away our power to outside authority – in this instance, the federal government. But if we give away our power to retain what we believe is being lost, and give it to outside authority, we lose what we seek to retain.

No one "owns" Spirit. It is a sad thing that anyone would try to claim expression of Spirit through ceremony, though some of the motivations are understandable (false or dangerous activities that risk legitimate, sincere gatherings and practices). I am also mindful that today, it seems, everyone wants to "own" Spirit (witness the registered trademarking of even common and universal words/practices). Because so many people are searching for spiritual truth, everyone seems to be trying to "corner the market," to try to control who can practice certain ceremonies, and how, and charge for them and have authority over them and their practitioners.

So this "protection" movement is sadly understandable; my heart comprehends the sincere concern of some of these people, though the way of doing it is false and dangerous and actually mirrors what it seeks to prevent.

At heart, it regards human beings’ perception of Spirit/Religion; two faces of one. Spirit is the motivating force, the Source, of the Divine; religion is its outward expression, its codes and context. Confusing the two is common but not the whole truth. Religion, without the balance of Spirit, is the Inquisition (or the Protection of Ceremonies); Spirit without an outward form is self-absorption, fatalism, inaction. Spirit must have an outward form to be meaningful to individuals and uplift the people as a whole.

It would seem to me that things that are Lakota, Dakota, etc., belong to them; how they practice is up to them and who they accept into their activities is up to them.

But the "protection" of ceremonies belongs to each individual who practices his/her own spiritual beliefs. That is spiritual law, and it is supposed to be the basic law of the state, too.

The free expression of religion is central to individual liberty, and to try to exclusively "protect" religious ceremonies among one group or groups is precisely what the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution proscribing "the establishment of religion" was written to prevent. It sets one group above others with the force of law. For the government to intervene would be a clear violation of citizens’ fundamental right to practice religion without government interference.

But would the federal government follow its own basic law? If history is a guide, regarding Native peoples, at least, probably not.

Thus, the path these people seek to take is insidious. Not only is it inimical to religious freedom on its face, but any attempt to "establish" a religion in such a manner would spur lawsuits and set tribe against tribe, disrupting unity and creating animosity where none should exist. At the same time, the government, which cares nothing about such things except exercising ever more control, would use it to keep Native peoples in their place by limiting their freedoms even more. It’s an insane path: Why would anyone want to give any religious control to the government? Especially given the federal government’s utterly destructive history with Native peoples?

Ugly Passions, Hateful Words Ignited

Adding to the frustration that this matter has not died a needful death is that the issue spurs ugly passions and hateful words, claims that are tinged with chauvinism (asserting and forcing one belief as superior) and racism (defining spiritual belief through race, i.e. blood quantum).

There is no place for either of these in discussing, much less practicing, ways of Spirit.

The Lakota are no greater than Cherokee, nor the Cheyenne higher than Choctaw – except, perhaps, among those who champion their own tribes. In the way of Spirit, each are children of the Earthly Mother, loved by the Creator, as one.

The issue of blood quantum is itself destructive to tribal unity – witness the influence of money in the casinos causing tribes to oust even longstanding members via the quantum issue. Itself the result of federal government interference and control, it has its basis in slavery days, when the force of law determined human rights by classifying human beings as chattel, property, Indian or free. Is this the criteria by which Native peoples wish to judge their members? Are we not all human beings? And given by the Creator the blood we carry in our veins? Is this not even what the Hunkapi (Making of Relatives) ceremony given to the Lakota, Dakota, etc., by the Buffalo Calf Woman is all about? The true peace and power that binds human beings? Beyond blood?

The blood quantum issue raises difficult questions about all who are Native and follow Native ways today. Do we draw the line now and say our ancestors were wrong? That, indeed, in many instances, our blood, our kin, from whom we trace our lineage could not pass the tests we set today? And what of the clans that traditionally have recognized one another across tribal lines? Which of our brothers and sisters, our children and honored elders do we exclude and say they are no longer our relations and do not belong with us? Do we not retroactively exclude our own ancestors by drawing such distinctions? Then, who are we? Why are we here? What authority do we have to do anything?

Would this not only introduce a new form of social and cultural genocide by the federal government that would further diminish Native peoples? Does the "Protection" not in fact only further constrict Native beliefs and practices, even excluding those who hold true claim to them? Rather than strengthening traditional ways, they would destroy them, by constricting them, allowing them to die among an ever smaller pool. "Protecting" ceremonies in this way is to lose them and rob the people and their descendents of their birthright.

So how do people of right mind and good heart proceed?

If those who signed the proclamation wish to abide by their own edict, it seems a divisive act that will destroy them and all who follow it; and is not one to be followed. But it is their choice, and to be honored in its own way whatever one may think of it. We can lament their path, but not follow it. We peacefully accept their right to self-destruction.

That is the way of peace: With compassion, allow, accept, acknowledge and be grateful that this path is being followed by some so that all may clearly see what they cannot afford to lose. We see what we must protect by seeing those who are so willing to give it away under the delusion of holding it. They provide a mirror for truth and our preservation.

The right way is not to oppose these individuals. Then, we would only be creating more opposition and more dissension. If they do not see the wrongfulness of their ways, there is nothing we can do to dissuade them, but follow the right way. That way is to go forward toward protecting what belongs to everyone, even those who do not see it.

We must act as one to protect our own ceremonies and rights by being of one mind for religious freedom. That is the law and it is right, an inalienable right, a spiritual right, that no one has the authority to remove. It is not against any individual, but for all peoples.

Among the Iroquois, reflected in the great seal of the United States, the eagle holds a bundle of arrows. It was the vision of the Peacemaker, Deganawidah, that one arrow is easily broken, but a bundle tied closely together is nigh impossible to break. So it must be for us, all peoples. If these people wish to go it alone, they risk breaking their own integrity. But we only accept authority from another when it belongs to them and we agree.

It is a shame that some would withhold or try to take when they have so much to give.

In this time when the world is in so much need of balance, it seems imperative that all peoples "add to," not take away. So many Native peoples have lost their beliefs, mostly due to federal governmental interference which almost wiped out indigenous peoples entirely.

Remembering Forgotten Ways

The Western Plains tribes are truly blessed that the government’s forced removal and eradication programs were so delayed for them, unlike the Eastern and Western Seaboard and interior tribes which were so early decimated by disease and migration that they lost most of their teachings.

For many Native peoples, what is offered by the Western Plains tribes is the only connection to their own forgotten traditions, even if tenuous. To take that away, or cause doubt, or exclude them is to condemn them to no connection with who they are and have a right to be. And the power of the Western Plains beliefs is strong and worth emulating, indeed a model for the world.

What was the province of individual tribes, or ways of practice, have become adopted and adapted by many peoples as a path of Spirit. Belief and meaning cannot be undone from the human spirit, or from a yearning to "come home" to the way of ancestors. It is a shame that doors would be closed, not opened. We should be grateful for the greatness and perseverance of the Western Plains tribes and pray they will resolve their issues in peaceful manner.

The Lakota, Dakota, Nakota Oyate (People), etc., have themselves forgotten many important teachings that are in need of being remembered. What is seen and being promoted as traditional is itself incomplete and requires balance. For example, the showing of the sacred pipe at ceremonial gatherings, which has always been a powerful spiritual tool for keeping the people united, one, in Spirit is not being followed and, consequently, public acknowledgement, identity and belief – the authority of the pipe among people – is degraded. And the leadership of the tribes is now mostly male (all the signatories of the proclamation are male). If there were a true coming together of the original seven fires, or councils, then they would be made up of each nation picking senior pipe carriers, a man and woman from each, as was traditionally done, to make a decision such as this. Then, there would be unanimity in its belief and, consequently, great respect for the decision by all.

This balance of male and female is sorely lacking in tribal culture today, among all tribes, again the result of federal government removal of traditional ways, not Native at all. It should be remembered that tribes were matrilineal and tribal groups, moieties, bands, families, were of shared governance. And if there were such balance, of male and female leaders, pipe carriers all, given equal respect and honored, it’s doubtful such a divisive policy as this "Protection" would be pursued, or would even have been entertained.

Women have always been caretakers of the children and the elderly and looked after the overall interests of the people; without that viewpoint, men are left to do what they do best: execution of action, in this case, without balance or considered judgment for the benefit of all. In the decision of the moment, who looks after the seven generations to follow? It was a woman, the Buffalo Calf Woman, after all, who gave the pipe to those who would circumscribe its use, and she said she would return. Now is the time of allowing, receiving, nurturing the Divine Feminine in all we do, keeping the Sky Paths of the Holy Ones Open. The need for hierarchy, domination and control over others is over; it is our duty to be recognizing, valuing and celebrating differences rather than trying to eliminate or control them. This is the way of balance, especially in these times, remembering the lessons of conscious, equal partnership to achieve balance and right relations. This is the true face of who we are.

It would be best if the people taking this course of action would see the wisdom of refraining from pursuing it; but should they not, it is a decision forced upon the rest of the tribal societies – and all who care about religious liberty and returning autonomy to Native peoples -- to "protect" what belongs to everyone.

It is my prayer that right relations, truth and good Spirits will prevail. Creator made us in many ways so that we could see wholeness from many directions; it is up to each of us to open our eyes to see as the Creator sees: out of many, one; one out of many.

We are each unique yet equal parts of the whole: one Sacred Hoop of Life.

Those are my thoughts. Mitakuye Oyasin.  Wisatologi Nihi.

Jim Path Finder Ewing


1.  Rise with the sun to pray. Pray alone. Pray often. The Great Spirit will listen, if you only speak.

2. Be tolerant of those who are lost on their path.  Ignorance, conceit, anger, jealousy and greed stem from a lost soul. Pray that they will find guidance.

3. Search for yourself, by yourself. Do not allow others to make your path for you. It is your road, and yours alone. Others may walk it with you, but no one can walk it for you.

4. Treat the guests in your home with much consideration. Serve them the best food, give them the best bed and treat them with respect and honor.

5. Do not take what is not yours whether from a person, a community, the wilderness or from a culture. It was not earned nor given. It is not yours.

6. Respect all things that are placed upon this earth - whether it be people or plant.

7. Honor other people's thoughts, wishes and words.  Never interrupt another or mock or rudely mimic them. Allow each person the right to personal expression.

8. Never speak of others in a bad way. The negative energy that you put out into the universe will multiply when it returns to you.

9. All persons make mistakes. And all mistakes can be forgiven.

10. Bad thoughts cause illness of the mind, body and spirit...Practice optimism.

11. Nature is not FOR us, it is a PART of us. They are part of your worldly family.

12. Children are the seeds of our future. Plant love in their hearts and water them with wisdom and life's lessons. When they are grown, give them space to grow.

13. Avoid hurting the hearts of others. The poison of your pain will return to you.

14. Be truthful at all times. Honesty is the test of ones will within this universe.

15. Keep yourself balanced. Your Mental self, Spiritual self, Emotional self, and Physical self - all need to be strong, pure and healthy. Work out the body to strengthen the mind. Grow rich in spirit to cure emotional ails.

16. Make conscious decisions as to who you will be and how you will react. Be responsible for your own actions.

17. Respect the privacy and personal space of others. Do not touch the personal property of others - especially sacred and religious objects.  This is forbidden.

18. Be true to yourself first. You cannot nurture and help others if you cannot nurture and help yourself first.

19. Respect others religious beliefs. Do not force your belief on others.

20. Share your good fortune with others. Participate in charity.

Submitted by Andre Crambit


An American Indian craft consignment shop will be opening soon in Southern California near Murrieta. Contact Shirley Miller, a member in good standing in Manataka.

Lee Standing Bear was recently featured on Prophesy Keepers Radio Show: Log on to listen:


Lessons from Trees

1.  It's important to have roots.
2.  In today's complex world, it pays to branch out.
3.  If you really believe in something, don't be  afraid to go out on a limb.
4.  Be flexible so you don't break when a harsh wind blows.
5.  Sometimes you have to shed your old bark in order to grow.
6.  If you want to maintain accurate records, keep a log.
7.  It's okay to be a late bloomer.
8.  Avoid people who would like to cut you down.
9.  As you approach the autumn of your life, you will show your true colors.
10. You could be Brilliant! in other words "bloom where you are planted."

~ Author Unknown - Submitted by Henrietta Devereaux.


Sheila Grandmother Wolf Pierce - Back was broken in an auto accident.  Expected to be in a wheelchair in the foreseeable future. 

Amanda Smiddy - daughter of Memi K. Smiddy involved in car accident and in great pain. Doctor's do not want to treat her because she is without insurance.

Bobby Powell - friend of Kimberly Stronczek striken with crippling ruhmatoid arthritis.

Grandmother Peggy “Laughing Eagle” Baetz, Metis/Apache medicine woman, passed recently.  Pray for her spirit. 

Soldiers fighting in Fallujah, including one named Michael, nephew of Vann and Beth Slatter - Cherie Agnew Blackwell 

Rebecca Douglas Niece of Leo and Flora Causey has cancer.

Elese Harley Hart 3 yr-old granddaughter of LaDonna Hart very ill - Linda Burkhart.

Qua Ti Si Monahon Recent surgery with TMJ.

Frances McAdams:  Hospitalized with cancer.

Alida Baker:  Mother of Henrietta EagleStar.  Getting much better.  Surgery went well. 
Larry Zink Hota Irons - Michigan:  Diagnosed with cancer. 
Sharon Kamama Baugh - Arkansas:  Diagnosed with cancer. Doing much better after surgery. "I am going to beat this!, said Sharon. Sharon was chair of the Manataka Women's Council for many years.

Mother of Charles Lone Wolf Black:  Diagnosed with cancer.

Tommie Love  A 4 years old who doctors give no prognosis - diagnosed with 2 large brain tumors  - untreatable at Barnes Childrens Hospital of St Louis. I ask for prayers for her healing and prayers for her family. From Alison Klose



NOTICE 1:    ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS -  The following members in good standing have either been nominated or expressed a desire to serve on the Elder Council: Sharon Kamama Kanodisi Baugh – 7 years, Bonnie Cloud – 3 years, James Path Finder Ewing – 4 years, Jody Morning Flower French – 3 years, Betty Grandmother Winter White Moon Frey – 4 years, Rick Porea – 4 years, Helen Red Wing Vinson – 3 years, Joycelyn Nanny VonGrund – 2 years. The Elder Council may appoint none or any number between one and five.  For consideration submit your name to any Elder.


NOTICE 2: COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS -  New members and old members who are not   currently working on a committee or have a committee assignment, please contact us now.     

Committee explanations can be viewed at  We need your top three preferences.


NOTICE 3: INDIAN WEDDING -  Elders, members and guests are invited to attend an Indian wedding ceremony at Gulpha Gorge on Saturday, October 3.  Elders will officiate.


NOTICE 4: WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.   Contact: Judy White Feather  

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Manataka American Indian Council
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Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476



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