Manataka Smoke Signal Newsletter  Volume V, Issue 5 May 2, 2003
















Bear and the Badger – Children’s story

Bear Man– Children’s story

Black Elk’s Visions

       Medicine Lodge

       Cherokee Dictionary – Updated!

       Combing Snakes Out of Atotarho’s Hair - Legends Constitution of the Six Nations Confederacy – History Essays of Frank J. King III – Feature article

       Fun Page – New jokes!

       Honoring Lori – Women’s Council

       Hopi Chief Dan – Medicine Lodge

       Links Page – Over 350 Updated links!

       Minominee Clans– Feature story

       My Pilgrimage to Manataka - Feature story

       Native Games – Children’s Story

       Search Engine – Search Manataka

       State of Indian Nations – Special Report

       10 American Indians You Should Know – Feature story

       The First Totem Pole – Legends

       The Old Rez Road – Beautiful Words

       Turtle Makes War On Men– children’s story

       Yaqui Nation – History


American Indian Book Reviews

The new book review committee is hard at work

bringing you the latest books and resources information.

Do you have a story to tell or an article you would like

to see appear on our website? If so, let know. CHECK IT OUT!



The Manataka American Indian Council is a nonprofit, tax-exempt,

501(c)(3), educational and cultural organization.

MAIC needs your help to continue our programs, services and events.

If you have not paid your dues this year, please do so now.

It is quick, easy and secure!




Attention Traditional Artists/Craftspersons

Parkin Mound State Archeological Park will host a "Living History Day" on Oct. 4, 2003. They seek traditional American Indian artists and crafters to demonstrate their work. Demonstrators will be permitted to sell their work and be paid $75.00. Candidates will be juried. "We are looking for traditional work but we are interested in education the public that we keep our arts and traditions alive."

Info: Valarie: 501 330-2418 –



JUNE 27, 28, 29

Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds

Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas

This will be an event you will not want to miss!


The following committees are accepting offers of volunteer assistance:

Ceremonies Committee

Greeting Committee

Membership Table

Lodge Committee

Women's Council

If you can volunteer a few hours of service, please let us know today!




MARK YOUR CALENDAR: "Dreamkeepers" mini-series, ABC Television, Sunday, May 11, 8:00 p.m. EST; Monday, May 12, 9:00 p.m. EST.

Legends of the Native American nations come to life in this epic mini-series from Hallmark Entertainment as two generations—a century-old storyteller and his grandson, a troubled 16-year-old boy—embark on a cross-country journey toward self-discovery.


Wolves in American Indian Culture
By Edwin Wollert

(Dedicated to all our wolf brothers and sisters everywhere.)

Did you know?
The Navajo word for wolf, "mai-coh," also means witch, and a person could transform if he or she donned a wolf skin. So the Europeans were not the only ones with werewolf legends. However, the American tribes have an overwhelming tendency to look upon the wolf in a much more favorable light. The Navajo themselves have healing ceremonies which call upon Powers to restore peace and harmony to the ill, and the wolf is one such Power.

"The caribou feeds the wolf, but it is the wolf who keeps the caribou strong." -Keewatin Eskimo saying.

Native American tribes recognized the wolf for its extreme devotion to its family, and many drew parallels between wolf pack members and the members of the tribe. Also, the wolf's superior and cooperative hunting skills made it the envy of many tribes. Finally, the wolf was known to defend its home against outsiders, a task with which each tribe had to contend as well.

Some examples of the wolf appearing throughout Native American religion and mythology include the following. The Eskimos told of an old woman, Qisaruatsiaq, who was abandoned and forced to live by herself, and who eventually turned into a wolf. The Sioux called the wolf "shunk manitu tanka," or "animal that looks like a dog but is a powerful spirit." Cheyenne medicine men rubbed warrior arrows against wolf fur to bring better success in hunting. The Nootka celebrated spiritual ties to the wolf, in a ceremony whereby they pretended to bring back to life the chief's dead son, by wearing wolf clothing. The Cherokee would not kill a wolf, believing the dead wolf's siblings would enact revenge. They also imitated the wolf's walk to help ward off frostbite to their feet. The Crow dressed in wolf skins to hunt. The Mandan displayed on their moccasins wolf tails, signs of success in battle. Women of the Hidatsa tribe rubbed their bellies with wolf skin to alleviate difficult childbirth. The Cree believed divine wolves visited earth when the northern lights would shine during winter.

The Ahtena would prop dead wolves up, sometimes feeding them ceremonial meals. Chippewa myths tell of wolves supplying humans with food and hides. The Delaware tribe thought a change in weather might be announced through a wolf's howl. The Hopis include Wolf as one of the Katchinas, the costumed dancers who represent the powers of the universe.

Indian creation mythology sometimes involves wolves, as in this example from the heritage of the Arikara tribe:

"In the beginning, they say, was water and sky. Here on high you could find Nesaru the sky spirit, and Wolf and Lucky-man. Below lay a watery vastness, empty, it seemed, with only two small ducks swimming about, making eternal, small ripples. Envisioning another kind of earth, with space and variety for myriad creatures, Wolf and Lucky-man asked the ducks to dive down for mud. Using his endless energy, Wolf took half of the mud to build a great prairie for hunting beasts like himself. Lucky-man, his partner in creation, built hills and valleys where the Indians could hunt and live. Last they pushed up the remaining mud into banks of a river, which you can still see, to divide their territories.

Earth was ready. Wolf and Lucky-man understood that large creatures must emerge from the reproduction of smaller, humble ones. They enter deep into the earth to find two Spiders who are meant to begin propagating the world. Imagine their disgust when they find the Spiders to be not only ignorant of the business of reproduction, but so dirty and ugly that they aren't
interested in each other. Wolf and Lucky-man scrub down their charges and explain the pleasures and responsibilities of fertilization. Clean and enlightened, the Spiders give birth to earth's many creatures - the eight-legged like themselves, the six, the four, and finally the two-legged ones." - Cottie Burland

Perhaps the tribe with the closest of all associations with the wolf is the Pawnee, in the lands now known as Nebraska and Kansas. The Pawnee felt such a close kinship that their hand-signal for wolf is the same as the hand-signal for Pawnee. They were known as the Wolf People even by neighboring tribes. The cyclical appearance and disappearance of Sirius, the Wolf Star, indicated the wolf coming and going from the spirit world, running down the trail of the Wolf Road, otherwise known as the Milky Way. The Blackfoot tribe also called our galaxy the Wolf Trail, or the Route to Heaven. The Pawnee, like the Hidatsa and Oto tribes, used wolf bundles, pouches of skins from wolves in which to keep and protect treasured implements used for ceremonies and magic.

Copyright © 2003 Wolf Song of Alaska and Alaska Web Publishing.
Wolf Song of Alaska©, and the logo is registered and protected and cannot be
used without permission. All rights reserved.



1. Listen to your inner voice. It takes practice to hear your true desires. Your passion will

often come as a whisper or serendipitous event that reminds you of what's important and

what makes you happy.

2. Recognize crisis. Does your job feel like a grind? Are you spending your free time on

something you love? Take an opportunity to appraise your happiness. One of the keys to

living a purposeful life is seeing that you feel unfulfilled.

3. Dwell in possibilities. Your passions could lead you in a lot of different directions to find

fulfillment. Explore your life and unearth all of the things that bring you joy.

4. Tune out the voice of the world. Make the strongest voice in your life your own. Finding

your purpose could mean going against the advice of close friends and family. Take a leap

of faith and trust in your dreams.

5. Decide what kind of person you want to be. Rather than concentrating on what you want

to do, think in terms of what kind of person you want to be. Let that guide your choices.

6. Bring your heart to your work. It takes passion and courage to find a profession that you

love. Spending the time to discover that job is time well spent—it could make all the

difference in your life!

7. Trust transformation. Hard times are a natural part of life. Don't be afraid to change

because of your experiences. Instead, let them shape and steer your course.

8. Have no regrets. According to the experts, it's easy to regret the time you've spent being

unhappy or unfulfilled. Realize that during that time, you developed the skills you need to


9. Take the first step. Destiny can't help you until you are willing to step out of your comfort

zone. Get prepared to make changes in your life…and start making them!

10. Be patient. Finding your life purpose won't happen overnight. In every life, there's a fast

road and a slow road. Most of us take the slow road! Keep your commitment and take

small steps to make it happen.





A new system to enhance member participation in various facets of Manataka’s educational and cultural program has been developed to insure that everyone has an opportunity to get involved. Every member will be assigned to a committee position regardless of where you live, your experience, or the amount of time you may have to devote.

This new program will work in a way similar to tribal culture of old, every member of the tribe, from young to old had a job, a position of purpose to fulfill for the common good of all.

If you have not do so already, send an email indicating your top three choices for committee assignment.

Committee Explanations

? American Indian Book Review – Colonel John Mountain Wind Outler, Chair

Members research, read and write regular book reviews for publication on this web site.

? Manataka American Indian Village Project– Dr. Bob Eagle Horse McFarlin, Chair

This project is long-term and requires expertise of many disciplines. See Village

? Ceremonies and Events – Cuchi Davilla, Chair

Usually requires on-site (Hot Springs), hands-on coordination. A fun committee.

? Counseling and Assistance – Colonel John Mountain Wind Outler, Chair

People in need find Manataka a welcome haven. May require a background in social/

human services.

? Fund Raising & Events – (NO chair yet)

Here is where the action is regardless of where you live. No special skills needed except a

voice and a happy face. This is a fun committee. Experienced grant writers needed.

? Education Task Force – Dr. Bob Tsalagi Digadoli Swindell, Chair

This committee developing programs for presentation in public schools nationwide. Lots of

research and coordination work. Great for teachers from all walks of life. See Task Force

? Grave Preservation and Repatriation – James Thunder Walker Sirak, Chair

Honoring our ancestors is the focus of this committee. Members collect data on sacred

sites, burial grounds, petroglyphs/pictographs and artifacts to assist tribes, state and federal

agencies to implement laws and regulations.

? Lodge Keepers – David Avery, Chair

The Manataka Tipi is a gathering place for elders of many nations. This committee

designs, constructs and maintains tipis and other structures. They also keep an eye on

protocol and the comfort of guests.

? Manataka.Org – Web Site – Lee Standing Bear Moore, Chair is among the top American Indian web sites in the country. Members re

search, write and create web pages; develop new features and promote the website.

? Membership Committee – Garl WhiteHorse Neel, Chair

Help keep track of members and their status. Develops programs and services. Provides

first contact support and serve as hosts during gatherings and other events.

? Public Relations & Communications – David Quiet Wind Furr, Chair

Volunteer your writing, communication and public relations skills shine here. Committee

writes and distributes press releases and hosts various events.

? Program Committee – Pat Yellow Hawk Carter

Interesting live programs on dozens of topics are presented during regular membership

meetings at Manataka and other locations. Members contact knowledgeable presenters

and schedule programs.

? Smoke Signals Newsletter – Lee Standing Bear Moore, Chair

This committee research and write articles for release to members and subscribers.

? Women's Council – Sharon Kamama Baugh, Chair

The ladies are always busy learning, teaching and supporting the people of Manataka.

The Women’s Council is one of the most important functions of MAIC. See Women

? Warrior Society – James Lone Wolf Black, Chair

Open to men, women and teens, this group participates in many outdoor activities, learn

survival skills and stresses good moral character. See Warrior

? Youth Activities – Michael Unger, Chair

Having fun while learning about American Indian culture and traditions at Gatherings and

other events is the focus of this committee.


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